Glossary

A listing of common trading terms and their meanings.
 
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At-the-Money Option
An option whose strike price is approximately equal to the current market price of the underlying futures contract.
Basis
Difference between the local cash price of a commodity and the price of a related futures contract, i.e. cash price – futures price = basis.

Bearish
A market view that anticipates lower prices.

Break-Even Point
The futures price at which a given option strategy is neither profitable nor unprofitable. For call options, it is the strike price plus the premium. For put options, it is the strike price minus the premium.

Bullish
A market view that anticipates higher prices.

Buyer
The purchaser of either a call or put option. The buyer also may be referred to as the option holder. Option buyers receive the right, but not the obligation, to enter a futures market position.

Call Option
An option that gives the option buyer the right to purchase the underlying futures contract at the strike price on or before the expiration date.

Closing Transaction
see liquidation

Commission
Fees paid to the broker for execution of an order.

Exercise
The action taken by the holder of a call if he wishes to purchase the underlying futures contract or by the holder of a put if he wishes to sell the underlying futures contract.

Expiration Date
The last date on which the option may be exercised. Although options expire on a specified date during the month prior to the named month, an option on a November futures contract is referred to as a November option, since its exercise would lead to the creation of a November futures position.

Expire
To hold onto an option position until the option’s expiration date.

Futures Contract
A contract traded on a futures exchange for the delivery of a specified commodity at a future time. The contract specifies the item to be delivered and the terms and conditions of delivery.

Futures Price
The price of a particular futures contract determined by open competition between buyers and sellers on the trading floor of a commodity exchange or through the exchange’s electronic order-entry system.

Hedge
The buying or selling of futures contracts and/or options contracts for protection against the possibility of a price change in the physical commodity.
In-the-Money Option
A call is in the money if its strike price is below the current price of the underlying futures contract (i.e. if the option has intrinsic value). A put is in-the-money if its strike price is above the current price of the underlying futures contract (i.e. if the option has intrinsic value).

Intrinsic Value
The dollar amount that would be realized if the option were to be exercised immediately.
see in-the-money option

Liquidation
A purchase or sale that offsets an existing position. This may be done by selling an option that was previously purchased or by buying back an option that was previously sold.

Long
A position established by purchasing a futures contract or an options contract (either a call or a put).

Long Hedge
Buying a futures contract and/or using an options contract to protect the purchase price of a commodity one is planning to buy.

Margin
In commodities, an amount of money deposited to ensure fulfillment of a futures contract at a future date. Option buyers do not post margin, since their risk is limited to the option premium, which is paid in cash when the option is purchased. Option sellers are required to post margin.

Margin Call
A call made by a brokerage firm to a market participant to deposit additional funds into one’s margin account to bring it up to the required level. The reason for additional funds can be the result of a losing market position or an increase in the required margin.

Offset
Taking a second option position equal to the initial or opening position, “close out”.

Opening Transaction
A purchase or sale that establishes a new position.

Open Interest
Total number of futures or options (puts and calls) contracts outstanding on a given commodity.

Out-of-the-Money Option
A put or a call option that currently has no intrinsic value. That is, a call whose strike price is above the current futures price or a put whose strike price is below the current futures price.

Premium
The price of a particular option contract determined by trading between buyers and sellers. Premium does not include related brokerage commission fees. The premium is the maximum amount of a potential loss to which the option buyer may be subject.

Put option
An option that gives the option buyer the right to sell (go “short”) the underlying futures contract at the strike price on or before the expiration date.

Seller
An option seller is subject to a potential obligation if the buyer chooses to exercise the option.

Serial Option
Short-term option contracts that trade for approximately 30 days and expire during those months in which there is not a standard option contract expiring. These options are listed for trading only on the nearby futures contract, unlike standard options, which can be listed for nearby and deferred contract months.

Short
The position created by the sale of a futures contract or option (either a call or a put).

Short Hedge
Selling a futures contract and/or using an options contract to protect the sale price of a commodity one is planning to sell.

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I wanted to let you know that I had taken your course in the fall of 2013. I took your advice and used demo accounts for the last quarter of 2013. I switched to real money trading account in the Near Year, when I finally felt comfortable. Following the lessons taught to me by you (don’t jump on a moving train, peaks and valleys, EMA..etc), I wanted to let you know that I have been successful beyond my own expectations. Thank you very much – taking the Learn-to-Trade course was, by far, the best decision I made in my business career.

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The past options and forex tutorials taught by George were very helpful. I find these tutorials invaluable for a busy person like myself. I was able to keep myself up to date and on track ready to continue the learning process. Thanks for all the help and keep up the great work.

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Shelley P

I took your course in 2008 and loved it. Since then I have been using what I learned at Learn-to-Trade to nicely supplement my pension income. Wanting a carefree type of trading, I have for the most part just sold options and made a monthly income which is a nice addition to my pension. I know I never would have made this kind of trading income without Learn-to-Trade. Thank you!

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I just wanted to thank you again for the amazing work on the tutorials especially Options trading.   Prior to joining, I had underestimated the quality of the trainings but they certainly far exceeded my expectations. Only I wish I’d found you 5-10 years ago!
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Hi George, I just wanted to thank you again for the amazing work on the tutorials especially Options trading.   Prior to joining, I had underestimated the quality of the trainings but they certainly far exceeded my expectations. Only I wish I’d found you 5-10 years ago!
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